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Vaccination 

In the past many animals became severely ill or died because of diseases which, thanks to vaccination, are now rarely seen. Although these diseases are now less common, they have not been completely eradicated. In the South Wales area we still see infectious diseases such as Parvovirus and Leptospirosis regularly.

Responsible pet owners protect their pets by ensuring they receive regular vaccinations.

When puppies and kittens are born they are usually protected from infections by their mother’s milk, providing she has been regularly vaccinated. However, this protection only lasts a few weeks so in order to prevent disease they need regular vaccinations from an early age. Older pets and rabbits need regular vaccinations too.

Annual booster vaccinations are required for most diseases, these provide a controlled challenge to remind the animal's immune system how to respond should it meet a killer disease. It also provides an ideal opportunity for an annual examination to ensure early diagnosis of other diseases and to check your pet’s weight and condition. When your pet has their vaccination with Maes Glas vets, you will receive a voucher entitling you to a discounted rate on our emergency service.

Today's vaccines are very effective and have a remarkably high safety record. Millions of doses are used annually in the UK alone. The use of vaccines has brought about levels of disease control against, for example, the killer disease Canine Parvovirus, that would have been almost undreamed of little more than a decade ago.

Talk to us about our kitten and puppy packages. These combine a full vaccination course, a healthcheck, treatment for fleas and roundworms, a microchip, 4 weeks free Petplan insurance*, a discount on neutering and a discounted price for our emergency out of hours service for the bargain price of £75.

*unfortunately, Petplan insurance with this pack is not available for breeders.
 
Dogs

Dogs are vaccinated against Distemper, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parvovirus, and Canine Parainfluenza Virus. The vaccine is given in 2 parts and can be administered from 6 weeks of age. The second part is given 3-4 weeks after the first. Your dog will be covered for Parvovirus, Hepatitis and Distemper from 3 weeks after the first vaccination, however, full Leptospirosis protection will not occur until 4 weeks after the second vaccination. During this time we advise you to avoid high risk areas for Leptospirosis transmission such as watercourses. Some black and tan breeds are recognised as being more susceptible to diseases such as Parvovirus, if you are concerned about this, please talk to your vet.

If you are putting your dog in kennels you can consider vaccinating against Kennel Cough. The vaccine is administered up the nose and provides 12 months of protection and should be given at least 2 weeks prior to boarding. 

If you are breeding puppies, you may wish to talk to us about vaccinating for Canine Herpes virus which can be a significant cause of death in young puppies, and may also result in smaller litter size and weight. The vaccine is given in two parts, the first injection is given either during heat or 7 – 10 days after the presumed date of mating and the second is given 1 to 2 weeks before the expected date of whelping. Revaccination is required during each pregnancy, according to the same schedule.

Dogs going abroad as part of the PETS scheme must be vaccinated against Rabies.

A vaccine is available against leishmaniasis for dogs travelling to Europe.
 
Changes to our canine vaccination policy

We vaccinate dogs against a variety of diseases including Parvovirus, Leptospirosis, Distemper and Hepatitis - all of which can sadly be fatal. 

Our “lepto 4 “core vaccine now gives additional protection to Leptospira serogroups Australis and Grippotyphosa as well as the traditional canicola and Icterohaemorrhagiae strains contained in the the “lepto 2” vaccine, however, in order to benefit from this extra protection, previously vaccinated dogs will require a second vaccination, 3-4 weeks after their normal booster. In addition, the brand we use, Versican contains a new parvovirus strain, offering excellent protection, particularly against the most common type of parvovirus seen in the UK. Parvovirus is a highly contagious and potentially fatal viral infection which we frequently see in this area. 

We are fortunate to be able to offer protection with vaccination as treatment of affected animals can be expensive, prolonged and sometimes unsuccessful, not to mention the distressing effects these unpleasant illnesses can have on your dog.

For dogs, starting or restarting their vaccination courses, our new vaccine will now be included as part of the standard protocol.

Please speak to one of our vets if you would like any more information regarding vaccination.

Titre testing

Vaccine titres can be checked on a blood ample and can tell us an individual is immune and does not need to be vaccinated for some specific diseases. For other diseases, a positive titre does not necessarily reflect immunity….. and a negative titre cannot reliably tell us if an individual is susceptible and needs additional vaccination. Therefore, the usefulness of titres in determining if an individual needs to be vaccinated is quite limited. 

A titre test gives a snapshot of what is happening at that period of time and is not predictive of future immunity. It also cannot assess cell mediated immunity and so a dog with a poor titre may still be immune - there's just no way of knowing.

Our canine vaccination protocol is core vaccination against parvovirus, distemper and hepatitis every 3 years, with parainfluenza and leptospirosis booster vaccines given annually. We also perform an annual health check along with the vaccination which gives us the opportunity to pick up new health problems and discuss any concerns that you may have.

Titre results cannot generally be substituted for legal vaccination requirements, particularly for vaccination against rabies.

We offer two titre testing options for distemper, parvovirus and infectious hepatitis. Please note that we cannot effectively titre test for leptospirosis. 

With Vaccicheck, the result will come back as a number between 0 and 6 but it should be stressed that the number is not necessarily representative of the strength of the reaction.

The Idexx vaccination status test is a quantitative result and so may give a better idea of status and duration of immunity, but the test is more expensive. 

Because the vaccines we use are extremely safe, when in doubt it is probably far safer to vaccinate than not to vaccinate. The resurgence of vaccine-preventable disease in children following the decline in vaccination rates is well-demonstrated. 

Because titre testing is relatively expensive compared with the cost of vaccinating and because the results are not indicative of future immunity, we consider titre testing to be poor value for money.

Cats

Cats are routinely vaccinated against Feline Infectious Enteritis (or Panleucopenia), Feline Leukaemia Virus, and cat 'flu' (Feline Herpes Virus and Feline Calicivirus).

We vaccinate cats with 2 doses given at 9 and 12 weeks of age and recommend at least a further 2 weeks confinement to the home is given to allow your cat to develop full protection.

Cats going abroad as part of the PETS scheme must be vaccinated against rabies.
 
Rabbits

Rabbits should be routinely vaccinated against Myxomatosis and Viral Haemorrhagic Disease (VHD 1 and 2) both of which have been seen in this area.
 

Bridgend Branch
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